Application of Ultrasonic Wave and Resistograph for Nondestructive Testing of Defects in Standing Trees
In order to carry out non-destructive testing on standing trees, explore the propagation characteristics and the influence factors of the ultrasonic wave spreading in the standing trees. Take simon poplar as the research object, Resistograph were employed to test 30 sample (simon polar) standing trees and it gave a preliminary estimate of the internal defects in the samples, and RSM-SYS5 ultrasonic device were employed to test the ultrasonic propagation velocity spreading in simon poplar standing trees, with the statistics of the ultrasonic propagation velocity spreading separately in the health trees and standing trees with defects, and did a regression analysis of the relationship between the size of the defacts and the ultrasonic propagation velocity. The results show that: 1) When the diameter of sample trees are between 30 and 55cm, the radial velocity of ultrasonic spreading in healthy simon poplar standing trees are in the range of 1029.96m/s ~ 1200m/s, all more than 1000m/s; however, when there are defects in simon poplar standing trees, the ultrasonic radial velocity are less than 1000m/s. 2) The defacts in standing trees have an significant influence on the ultrasonic radial propagation velocity spreading in simon poplar standing trees, defect size and the radial velocity is significantly negatively correlated, and the correlation coefficient R is 0.887.
S. Q. Song et al., "Application of Ultrasonic Wave and Resistograph for Nondestructive Testing of Defects in Standing Trees", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 48-49, pp. 265-269, 2011