Reverse Engineering of a Fixed Wing Unmanned Aircraft 6-DoF Model for Navigation and Guidance Applications

Abstract:

Article Preview

A method for deriving the parameters of a six-degree-of-freedom (6-DoF) aircraft dynamics model by adopting reverse engineering techniques is presented. The novelty of the paper is the adaption of the 6-DoF Aircraft Dynamics Model (ADM) as a virtual sensor integrated in a low-cost navigation and guidance system designed for small Unmanned Aircraft (UA). The mass and aerodynamic properties of the JAVELIN UA are determined with the aid of an accurate 3D scanning and CAD processing. For qualitatively assessing the calculated ADM, a trajectory with high dynamics is simulated for the JAVELIN UA and compared with that of a published 6-DoF model of the AEROSONDE UA. Additionally, to confirm the validity of the approach, reverse engineering procedures are applied to a published CAD model of the AEROSONDE UA aiding to the calculation of the associated 6-DoF model parameters. A spiral descent trajectory is generated using both the published and calculated parameters of the AEROSONDE UA and a comparative analysis is performed that validates the methodology. The accurate knowledge of the ADM is then utilized in the development of a virtual sensor to augment the UA navigation and guidance system in case of primary navigation sensor outages.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

R. Varatharajoo, F.I. Romli, K.A. Ahmad, D.L. Majid and F. Mustapha

Pages:

164-169

Citation:

M. T. Burston et al., "Reverse Engineering of a Fixed Wing Unmanned Aircraft 6-DoF Model for Navigation and Guidance Applications", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 629, pp. 164-169, 2014

Online since:

October 2014

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] V. Raja and K. J. Fernandes, Reverse Engineering: An Industrial Perspective, London: Springer-Verlag London Limited. (2008).

[2] R. Sabatini, S. Ramasamy, A. Gardi and L. Rodriguez, Low-cost Sensors Data Fusion for Small Size Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Navigation and Guidance, International Journal of Unmanned Systems Engineering, 1(3), pp.16-47. (2013).

[3] R. Sabatini, M. Richardson, C. Bartel, T. Shaid and S. Ramasamy, A Low-cost Vision Based Navigation System for Small Size Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Applications, Journal of Aeronautics and Aerospace Engineering, 2(2). (2013).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/2168-9792.1000110

[4] R. Sabatini, C. Bartel, A. Kaharkar, T. Shaid, L. Rodriguez, D. Zammit-Mangion and H. Jia, Low-Cost Navigation and Guidance Systems for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – Part 1: Vision-Based and Integrated Sensors, Annual of Navigation, 19(2), pp.71-98. (2012).

[5] R. Sabatini, C. Bartel, A. Kaharkar, T. Shaid and S. Ramasamy, Navigation and Guidance System Architectures for Small Unmanned Aircraft Applications, International Journal of Mechanical, Industrial Science and Engineering, 8(4), pp.733-752. (2014).

[6] Unmanned Dynamics LLC, AeroSim User's Guide Version 1. 2, Hood River, Oregon, USA.

[7] Wikipedia, AAI Corporation AEROSONDE, Wikimedia Foundation. (2013) [Online]. Available: http: /en. wikipedia. org/wiki/AAI_ Corporation_Aerosonde. [Accessed 29th Sept. 2013].

[8] CREAFORM, Technical Specifications: Handyscan Handheld 3D Scanner, CREAFORM. (2013).

[9] M. Burston, R. Sabatini, A. Gardi and R. Clothier, Reverse Engineering of a Fixed Wing Unmanned Aircraft 6-DoF Model Based on Laser Scanner Measurements, in proceedings of IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for Aerospace, Benevento, Italy, pp.144-149. (2014).

[10] M. Napolitano, Aircraft dynamics: from modeling to simulation, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2012).

[11] A. Deperrois, XFLR5,. [Online]. Available: http: /www. xflr5. com/ xflr5. htm. [Accessed 29th Sept. 2013].

[12] R. Sabatini and G. B. Palmerini, RTO AGARDograph AG-160 Vol. 21: Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) for Flight Testing, NATO Science and Technology Organization, (2008).

[13] R. Sabatini, F. Cappello, S. Ramasamy, A. Gardi and R. Clothier, An Innovative Navigation and Guidance System for Small Unmanned Aircraft using Low-Cost Sensors, Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology (Special Issue: AEROTECH V, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia). (2014).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/aeat-06-2014-0081

[14] R. Sabatini, T. Moore and C. Hill, A New Avionics-Based GNSS Integrity Augmentation System: Part 1 – Fundamentals, Journal of Navigation, 66(3), p.363–384. (2013)DOI: 10. 1017/S0373463313000027.

[15] R. Sabatini, T. Moore and C. Hill, A New Avionics-Based GNSS Integrity Augmentation System: Part 2 – Integrity Flags, Journal of Navigation, 66(4), p.501–522, (2013) DOI: 10. 1017/S0373463313000143.

[16] S. Ramasamy, R. Sabatini, A. Gardi and Y. Liu, Novel Flight Management System for Real Time 4-Dimensional Trajectory Based Operations, in proceedings of AIAA Guidance, Navigation & Control Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. (2013).

[17] A. Gardi, R. Sabatini, S. Ramasamyand K. de Ridder, 4-Dimensional Trajectory Negotiation and Validation System for the Next Generation Air Traffic Management, in proceedings of AIAA Guidance, Navigation & Control Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. (2013).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2013-4893

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.