Bridge Design Basic Wind Speed Based on the Joint Distribution of Wind Speed and Direction
Based on the method of separation of wind speed and direction variable, considering the wind direction frequency function, ascending order to calculate the probability of the actual distribution of the sample, extreme type Ⅰ (Gumbel) and three parameters of extreme type Ⅱ (Frechet) and extreme type Ⅲ (Weibull) probability distribution to fit the sample, this paper has analyzed the weather station observations of 34 consecutive years of the joint distribution of wind speed and direction near to a huge bridge, gained the basic design wind speed in different directions, comparatively analyzed the impact of the sampling interval of change on the basic wind speed as well. The results shows: wind speed in different directions at the same location or different sampling intervals samples of the wind speed sample may be subject to different types of extreme value distribution, should separately fitting; different wind direction frequency of extreme wind speed occurrence and the basic wind speed there are certain differences, taking into account the joint distribution of wind speed and direction is necessary to determine the design basic wind speed of the bridge, and will be conservative without considering the joint distribution; for the same sample wind speed matrix, the shorter the sampling intervals, the optimal distribution of the higher probability model fitting precision, the smaller the basic wind speed, the more economic and reasonable the results.
Z. W. Ye and Y. Q. Xiang, "Bridge Design Basic Wind Speed Based on the Joint Distribution of Wind Speed and Direction", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 90-93, pp. 805-812, 2011