The experimental research on CBN grinding wheel mechanical dressing assisted by ultrasonic vibration was carried out. Experimental results showed that ultrasonic vibration dressing is capable to improve surface topography and roundness of CBN wheel as other untraditional dressing methods. Compared with traditionally mechanical dressing, the counts of static effective grains of CBN grinding wheel dressed assisted by ultrasonic vibration increased clearly and it had clear relationship with the acoustic parameters and the dressing lead. The grains had a large protrusion height and kept good integrity after ultrasonic dressing. The technology of vibration dressing is able to prepare precisely the CBN grinding wheel.