This paper presents a new model for uniaxial stress-strain relationship of concrete confined by rectangular steel tubes. The difference between concrete confinement effect provided by broad faces and that provided by narrow faces of steel tube is considered in the proposed model. The failure criteria for concrete subjected to triaxial compression is applied to estimate the ultimate strength of concrete core. The parameters of the model are determined based on the test results and the calculation of complete load-stress relationship curves is conducted for axially loaded rectangular CFT specimens using the model proposed in the paper. The concrete core strength and stress-strain behavior of rectangular CFT columns is found to exhibit good agreement with test results.