According to frame concrete theory, Concrete was composed of mortar matrix, coarse aggregate, and transition zone between mortar matrix and coarse aggregate. Proper particle grading of fine aggregate can not only save cement, but also increase comprehensive properties of mortar matrix. Uniform design method was used to study the relationships between the grading of fine aggregate and workability, and the relationship with mechanic properties of mortar matrix and concrete. Based on fractal theory, the relationship between fractal dimension and modulus of fineness, and the relationship between fractal dimension and n value in Fuller equation were researched. It concluded that grading of fine aggregate affects the workability and mechanic properties of mortar matrix and concrete, significantly. There was a good linear relation between fractal dimension and n value in Fuller Equation, and fratatal dimension decreased with modulus of fineness increasing.