The fire-resistant hot-rolled H-beam steel is the newly developed structure material. The development situation of the fire-resistant H-beam steel is briefly introduced. The chemical composition, microstructure, room temperature and high temperature mechanical properties and weldability of several batches of the developed domestic fire-resistant hot-rolled H-beam steels are comprehensively analyzed. The results show that the newly developed hot-rolled fire-resistant H-beam steel has very high room temperature strength, certain high temperature strength, good welding performance, but the toughness needs to be further improved. The performance of web and flange of H-beam steel has large gap.