The reasonable selection of a location for underground structures has a great influence on the stability of surrounding rock masses, especially when the construction is built in the alpine and gorge regions. In general, the higher and steeper the mountains are, the more significant the effect is. In this paper, numerical analysis was carried out to study the stress distribution characters in the mountain with different slope angles of 30 °, 45 ° and 60 °. The results show that, the initial vertical component of stress field can not be directly determined by the buried depth when the slope angle is greater than 30 °. Meanwhile, numerical results indicate that is unfavorable for the structural stability when the underground caverns are constructed in the stress concentration areas of mountains with high slope angle. Moreover, some conclusions and recommendations were proposed for the design of underground constructions.