The paper investigates the effects of different concentrations of crumb rubber (CR) on the pavement performance of the conventional penetration-grade 80/100 bitumen and the dense-graded wearing course asphalt mixture (AC16). A wet process and 0.6mm size CR were used and the control variables included three types of CR of concentrations 5%,10% and 15% by total weight of binder. The evaluations were twofold. Firstly, a comparison of the basic and rheological properties of those modified and unmodified binders was conducted. Secondly, a comparison of the resistance to moisture damage, low temperature cracking and permanent deformation of the AC16 and CR modified AC16 was performed. The results show that all the CR modified binders and mixtures are found to have improved performance as evaluated by a series of laboratory tests. In addition, among three CR concentrations, AC16 modified with 10%CR by total weight of binder exhibits the most satisfactory performance properties with respect to the resistance to moisture damage, permanent deformation and low temperature cracking.