Computer Simulation of Magnetic Fluids in Turbulent Pipe Flow
Based on the finite element software COMSOL, the magnetic-circuit field of the complex coupling between the magnetic and hydrodynamic forces is analyzed. The results of computer simulation show that the flow field is disturbed near the magnet and at the left end there is a laminar flow profile, where there is a maximum throughput in the pipeline; the magnetic fluid is not rest but rather agitated in local eddies where the net throughput is zero.
M. L. Sun et al., "Computer Simulation of Magnetic Fluids in Turbulent Pipe Flow", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 168-170, pp. 1181-1184, 2011