Estimation of the Passive Earth Pressure with Inclined Cohesive Backfills: The Effect of Intermediate Principal Stress is Considered
Estimating passive earth pressure accurately is very important when designing retaining wall. Based on the unified strength theory and plane strain assumption, an analytical solution has been developed to determine the passive lateral earth pressure distribution on a retaining structure when the backfill is cohesive and inclined considering the effect of the intermediate principal stress. The solution derived encompasses both Bell’s equation (for cohesive or cohesionless backfill with a horizontal ground surface) and Rankine’s solution (for cohesionless backfill with an inclined ground surface).
W. L. Yu et al., "Estimation of the Passive Earth Pressure with Inclined Cohesive Backfills: The Effect of Intermediate Principal Stress is Considered", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 168-170, pp. 1370-1376, 2011