Differential Evolution (DE) is a new algorithm. Displacement back analysis method based on the algorithm can effectively solve the problems of rock mechanics parameters which are not accurate. Constitutive integration algorithm divided into explicit and implicit integration is the key points of finite element analysis, which affect the convergence and accuracy of the results. Return mapping algorithm avoiding directly solving the equivalent plastic strain is a kind of implicit integration algorithm, which would achieve rapid and accurate for the solution of constitutive equations. This article describes the theoretical framework based on elastic-plastic, von Mises yield criterion conditions, using C + + language to carry out plastic simulation of Dalian metro station CRD excavation and parameter identification based on differential evolution algorithm. The calculated stress, displacement and deformation can determine the surface subsidence and the development of plastic zone, the stability analysis to provide a reference for the construction.