Study on Porous Structure and Surface Characteristics of Al-Pillared Montmorillonite
Al-pillared montmorillonite (Al-PILM) prepared with Keggin ions was studied by means of XRD, SEM-EDS and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms.The rusults show that, compared to unpillared Na-montmorillonite (Na-M), the interlayer spacing d(001) value, BET specific surface area, surface fractal dimension and the proportion of microporous specific surface area of Al-PILM are larger and the surface is relatively rough. The BJH porous volume distribution of Al-PILM is the most probable distribution, and the most probable pore size is about 2 nm, belonging to mesopore. The porous structure of Al-PILM is characterized as parallel plate slit or “house-of-cards” wedge-shaped pore which is formed by novel meso-microporous delaminated structure and fragments. Besides, the results of elemental distribution show that the ions exchange action between Na+ and hydroxy-Al cations in pillaring solution occurs in the formation of Al-PILM.
Jianmin Zeng, Taosen Li, Shaojian Ma, Zhengyi Jiang and Daoguo Yang
G. F. Wang et al., "Study on Porous Structure and Surface Characteristics of Al-Pillared Montmorillonite", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 194-196, pp. 1834-1838, 2011