The Acoustic Insulation Property of a New Non-Woven Material
The acoustic insulation and hydrophobic properties of a new non-woven material were analyzed and discussed in this paper. The new non-woven material absorbs sound energy to transfer into heat energy by friction between viscosity of air near fiber and fiber. The acoustic insulation properties of the new non-woven material, polyurethane foam and felt were measured. With the same thickness and half weight of felt, the sound absorption coefficient of non-woven was 20~30% higher than felt. Further more, with the same weight of felt, the sound absorption coefficient of non-woven was50~60% higher than felt. However, the sound absorption coefficients of non-woven materials with different thickness and weight were also discussed. The amount of the sound absorption coefficient gradient increased with the increase of thickness and frequency. Comparing the existing sound absorption materials, the new non-woven material has high sound absorption, light weight, hydrophobic property, workability, and flame resistance property. The non-woven material can improved thermal insulation and sound absorption by combining conventional non-woven with aluminum evaporated film.So the new nonwoven material has been widely applied in industries to reduce noises, especially in the car.
Jianmin Zeng, Taosen Li, Shaojian Ma, Zhengyi Jiang and Daoguo Yang
J. J. Chen and Z. Guo, "The Acoustic Insulation Property of a New Non-Woven Material", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 194-196, pp. 471-475, 2011