Synthesis and Characterization of Titanate Nanotubes and Nanowires in a Revolving Autoclave

Abstract:

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One-dimensional titanate nanotubes and nanowires were synthesized by hydrothermally treating TiO2 nanoparticles (P25) with an aqueous NaOH solution in a revolving autoclave. The effect of the reaction temperature and time on the morphology and crystal structure of titanate nanomaterials was systematically studied. When the hydrothermal treatment was carried out in a revolving autoclave, nanotubes with NaxH1-xTi2-x/4Υx/4O4•H2O crystal structure were obtained and favor to self-assemble in shape of clusters and bundles, and nanotube bundles tended to transform into nanowires with the crystal structure transforming into NaxH2-xTi3O7 within 48 h at a hydrothermal temperature higher than 130 °C. Based on the experimental results, a possible mechanism for the formation of titanate nanotube by wrapping of nanosheets and nanowires formed via the cooperation of oriented attachment and Ostwald ripening was proposed.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 194-196)

Edited by:

Jianmin Zeng, Taosen Li, Shaojian Ma, Zhengyi Jiang and Daoguo Yang

Pages:

497-502

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.194-196.497

Citation:

X. F. Li et al., "Synthesis and Characterization of Titanate Nanotubes and Nanowires in a Revolving Autoclave", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 194-196, pp. 497-502, 2011

Online since:

February 2011

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Price:

$35.00

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