The Frost Model of Concrete in the View of Damage Mechanics
To propose the damage model of concrete in the freezing-thawing cycles, the reasonable dissipation function and micro plastic deformation expression have been determined based on the continuum damage mechanics. The damage variable is expressed as a function of the number of freezing-thawing cycle. The damage is defined in terms of the loss of the dynamic elastic modules and the damage model of the concrete in the freezing-thawing cycles has been presented.
Jianmin Zeng, Taosen Li, Shaojian Ma, Zhengyi Jiang and Daoguo Yang
D. F. Pan et al., "The Frost Model of Concrete in the View of Damage Mechanics", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 194-196, pp. 919-923, 2011