Tolerance Synthesis Modeling Based on Degree of Freedom of Geometric Variations of Features
A tolerance synthesis model is established based on degree of freedom of geometric variations of features in this paper. The method allows a designer to analyze the relationship between geometric variations of features of a part and functional requirement of assembly (FRA). Firstly, tolerance is modeled with DOFs of geometric variations of features and the tolerance zone is expressed with six kinematic DOFs in three-dimensional (3D) space. Secondly, the stack-up of geometric variations of features is formulated as explicit tolerance analysis equations using kinematical coordinate systems associated with each feature. To express mathematically the relationship between given FRA values and the corresponding DOFs of geometric variations of features, the reverse synthesis equations are obtained using a matrix inversion scheme of the tolerance analysis equations. Finally, a case study is used to illustrate the proposed method.
Daoguo Yang, Tianlong Gu, Huaiying Zhou, Jianmin Zeng and Zhengyi Jiang
B. S. Xu et al., "Tolerance Synthesis Modeling Based on Degree of Freedom of Geometric Variations of Features", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 201-203, pp. 151-156, 2011