Innovative Process of Leaching of Nickel Supported Activated Carbon in Ammonium Sulfate
The leaching tests of nickel supported activated carbon under normal pressure in (NH4)2SO4 were studied. The effects of experimental condition, such as initial concentration of (NH4)2SO4, liquid-to-solid ratio, leaching time and leaching temperature on the leaching rate of nickel, were investigated. The results show that the leaching rate of nickel is 96.12% with initial concentration of (NH4)2SO4 of 7.5%, liquid-to-solid ratio of 2, leaching time of 5h and leaching temperature of 25°C. The morphology of nickel supported activated carbon before and after leaching was characterized by XRD, which proved the effective separation of nickel and activated carbon. The leaching rate of nickel was also shown better at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Moreover, it needn’t equipments enduring high-pressure and high temperature in the leaching process, thus reducing the costs of leaching equipments greatly. This work provides a new way to the comprehensive utilization of nickel-containing activated carbon.
Daoguo Yang, Tianlong Gu, Huaiying Zhou, Jianmin Zeng and Zhengyi Jiang
Z. B. Zhang et al., "Innovative Process of Leaching of Nickel Supported Activated Carbon in Ammonium Sulfate", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 201-203, pp. 1774-1779, 2011