Manufacturing of Biocompatible Implant Component Using Rapid Prototyping Technology
The purpose of this research is to study the manufacturing of biocompatible implant component by using rapid prototyping technology, in particular of 3D printing process. The biocompatible material consist of 80% cobalt-chromium-HAP were prepared by mechanically blended with 10% maltodextrin and 10% polyvinyl alcohol as binding mechanism for 3D printing process. Test specimens were fabricated using experimental 3D printing machine followed by sintering process. The characteristic of the composites were studied using various techniques including Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM and EDS), hardness test, flexural test, porosity and density measurement. The results show that the biocompatible cobalt implant composite can be fabricated successfully using 3D printing process. Further investigation can be carried out on the samples to study the toxicity, chemical reaction and cell reaction for implant application.
Y. Yusof and M. N. H. Samson, "Manufacturing of Biocompatible Implant Component Using Rapid Prototyping Technology", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 213, pp. 25-30, 2011