Ha Shuang Bridge is located in Harbin city within Heilongjiang province in the east north of China. The purposes of this study are to monitor the damage in structural members of Ha Shuang prestressed concrete box girder oblique bridge before strengthening and to evaluate the dynamic performance of the bridge structure by adopting dynamic load test. Monitoring process of damage of the bridge structure shows that the web of box girder in the quarter of the second span (about 10.5m from the pier) suffers from serious shear cracks. These cracks extend from the top to lower flange of box girder. The width of cracks rang from 0.5mm to 2mm and the angle is 45 degree. There are 6 bending cracks. The spacing between these cracks rang from 20cm to 30cm and the width is 035mm. In the span No. 3 near the pier, the web of box girder appears 12 diagonal cracks have width rang from 0.1mm to 0.12 mm. The results of dynamic load test analysis show that the values of measured vertical natural frequency is w1 = 3.616Hz and horizontal natural frequency w2 = 4.492Hz less than the values of theoretical natural frequency which is 3.863Hz and 4.848Hz, indicating that the actual stiffness of the bridge structure is less than the theoretical stiffness. Therefore the dynamic working state of bridge structure is not good. Therefore the working state of bridge is not good and it need to repair and strengthening.