The mine pressure behavior characters of shallow buried coal seam differed from both shallow seam mining and general depth seam. Mine pressure observation and numerical analysis were applied to research mine pressure behavior laws in fully mechanized face of shallow buried coal seam with thick bedrock and thin alluvium. It showed that the ground subsidence level phenomenon did not appear obviously although with obvious dynamic loading of fully mechanized face during the pressure period. The appearance was due to non-synchronized fracture from two key layers in the overlying rock layers and their interaction, which leaded to roof breaking initially and caving rocks with the form of an arch. Due to the periodic breaking and caving characteristics appearing as fully cut-down and arch alternately, the periodic pressure of shallow buried coal seam face showed as different size. The conclusion could be a reference for similar working face control.