Research of Transverse Corner Crack and Optimization of Concasting Process for Bloom of Peritectic Steel Q235D
Q235D is one kind of peritectic steel, so the casting production inevitably encounter the universality defects of peritectic steel casting. The bloom(250mm×280mm) of Q235D is produced by 60t consteel EBT—LF(VD)—CC process at Xining Special Steel. The main problem in the production is the transverse corner crack, finally lead to occur the cracks and “triangular gaps” at surface of round bar（Φ130mm）after rolled. In order to eliminate the defects caused by transverse corner crack of bloom, the morphology and microstructure and principle of crack formation is researched. The results showed that the crack is caused by stress along the intergranular, and no obvious segregation and particles founded around the defects. The following parameters on the continuous casting process are optimized: steel composition, superheat, the choice of a various slag, the cooling water of different section, casting speed and the electromagnetic stirring parameters. Finally the cracking defects of the bloom is eliminated, and the quality of the bar is optimized.
Xiaoming Sang, Pengcheng Wang, Liqun Ai, Yungang Li and Jinglong Bu
C. G. Yao et al., "Research of Transverse Corner Crack and Optimization of Concasting Process for Bloom of Peritectic Steel Q235D", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 284-286, pp. 1115-1119, 2011