Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (YAG) has a extensive applications in many fields because of its excellent properties. In this study the products synthesized by co-precipitation method is regular, and the reaction is complete, the YAG ceramic obtained is white, its density is 2.42g/cm3 and shrinkage is 7.78%. The YAG ceramic tablets were investigated by Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). The results show that the structure of YAG ceramic is loose with spherical grain size of 0.2-0.3μm. The main mineral phase of YAG ceramic is composed of polycrystalline Al5Y3O12 with good crystallinity, and containing very small amount of unreacted alumina and other impurities.