Biodegradable fibers of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) were prepared by melt spinning, followed by one-step-drawing with small crystal nuclei grown after isothermal crystallization near the glass transition temperature (Tg) and annealing at room temperature under tension. This new drawing technique is a very attractive method for obtaining flexible fibers from low-molecular-weight biopolyesters produced by recombinant bacteria. The ordered structure of PHBHHx fibers was investigated by tensile measurement, scanning electron microscopy, and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). The tensile strength of 10 times one-step-drawn fiber after isothermal crystallization increased to 100 MPa. The WAXD profiles of PHBHHx fibers showed sharp reflections corresponding to highly oriented α-form (21 helix conformation) crystal.