In view of the questions of high-speed aircraft withstanding complicated vibration environment, their vibration durability could not being plenary examined by existing vibration test technology, a vibration test technique integrating piezoelectric element, vibrating table, exciter is proposed. The vibration environment dimension of high-speed aircraft and its influence to the failures of high-speed aircraft are analysed. Based on the research on the material and actuation dimension of the piezoelectric element, the feasibility of piezoelectric element used as the distributed excitation source in vibration test is analysed. Last, a test demonstration system is constituted and a serials of test items are carried out. The rationality and the extensive engineering application potential of this technique are verified by the test results.