Effects of Nd: YAG Laser Welding Parameters on the Microstructure of 21% Cr Ferritic Stainless Steel
21% Cr with Ti-Nb dual stabilized ferritic stainless was welded using Nd: YAG laser. The relationship between microstructure and parameters of laser welding was examined. The microstructure was investigated by using the optical microscope and scanning electron microscopes. The average grain size of the HAZ was increased with increasing heat input due to the slow cooling rate. Large precipitates as TiN, TiC and Nb(C,N) were dissolved in the HAZ. Fine precipitates which supposed to be TiC was formed uniformly distributed in the case of the fusion zones.
Yungang Li, Pengcheng Wang, Liqun Ai, Xiaoming Sang and Jinglong Bu
K. P. Geng et al., "Effects of Nd: YAG Laser Welding Parameters on the Microstructure of 21% Cr Ferritic Stainless Steel", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 291-294, pp. 999-1002, 2011