The Effect of Co and Cu on the Creep Properties of High Chromium (12%Cr) Ferritic Steel
In this paper, three kinds of 12% Cr ferritic steels without Co and Cu, with 3%Co and with 3%Cu are produced. The addition Co and Cu lead to an evident increase in creep-resistant of the ferritic steel, and furthermore also markedly affect the fracture behavior. Microstructures were studied by comparing three kinds of the 12% ferritic steels to better understand different in those creep behaviors and fracture behaviors. It was found that the addition of Co and Cu not only inhibit the formation δ-ferrite but also are benefit for the growth of prior austenite grains. Additionally, the part of the added Cu precipitates in the matrix of the ferritic steel. These changes in microstructure and the solution of Co and Cu strengthen the ferritic steel.
X. X. Shen et al., "The Effect of Co and Cu on the Creep Properties of High Chromium (12%Cr) Ferritic Steel", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 311-313, pp. 944-947, 2011