Mixing Effect and Energy Efficiency Analysis for Different Lances in Steel Converter Process
The mixing effect in steel converter process is very important to the fluid flow and mass transfer in bath and directly affects the chemical reaction and temperature homogeneity in the industry steel process. The cold model was employed to research the relationship of mixing time, agitation power, lance type, operation parameters, bath shape et al. According to the results, the mixing time of the bath decreases with larger gas flow rate and bigger diameter of the bath. Increasing the nozzle inclination properly is benefit for decreasing the mixing time and improving the agitation of the bath. The relationship of mixing time and lance height is complicated, because the mixing time is fluctuant by the lance rising. By introduce the relative energy utilization factor, the agitation power utilization was analyzed and compared under different conditions. The energy efficiency is higher with larger nozzle inclination as well as the bigger ratio of diameter and depth of the bath.
D. Xu et al., "Mixing Effect and Energy Efficiency Analysis for Different Lances in Steel Converter Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 317-319, pp. 1462-1473, 2011