Investigations of Tool Wear with Water Vapor as Coolant and Lubricant in Green Cutting
Green cutting is one of the developing tends in the industry field. Water vapor can be introduced in metal cutting as coolant and lubricant due to its pollution-free, generating easily and unneeded disposal. Therefore, a special generating system is developed to produce suitable water vapor, and a simulation to the velocity of water vapor jet flow is presented. Then tool wear was investigated and a new capillary model is proposed, based on the experimental results. According to the boundary-layer theory, the kinetics equations of flow were solute. The velocity and flux of molecule are presented. In the capillary, the adsorption of tool-chip interface results in boundary lubricating film; the conical shape of capillary limits the depth of coolant and lubricant penetrating; and the negative press is the motility for coolant and lubricant penetrating. The study results show water vapor can decrease tool wear about 10% times and 20% comparing to cutting fluids and dry cutting, and water vapor could be a potential solution of green cutting.
Y. Zhang et al., "Investigations of Tool Wear with Water Vapor as Coolant and Lubricant in Green Cutting", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 317-319, pp. 556-559, 2011