Preparation of Carbon-Encapsulated Alloy Nanomaterials by Detonation Decomposition of Nitrate Complex Explosives Containing Multi-Metallic Ions

Abstract:

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Carbon-encapsulated iron-based alloy nanoparticles with a core-shell structure were prepared by detonation decomposition of nitrate complex explosives containing multi-metallic ions. The size and magnetic properties of the as-prepared composite particles were revealed by X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray detector and magnetic measurements. Results showed that the different sizes of the ferronickel and ferrocobalt nanocrystal core and the thickness of the carbon shell could be yielded by adjusting the component materials of the explosives. The composite particles had a gamma- or alpha- ferronickel or bcc-ferrocobalt nanocrystal core with a coating of graphitic carbon layers. Magnetic measurements indicated these composite nanoparticles were superparamagnetism at the room temperature, with some variation in the values of saturation magnetization, remanences and coercive forces.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 335-336)

Edited by:

Yun-Hae Kim, Prasad Yarlagadda, Xiaodong Zhang and Zhijiu Ai

Pages:

249-254

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.335-336.249

Citation:

X. J. Li et al., "Preparation of Carbon-Encapsulated Alloy Nanomaterials by Detonation Decomposition of Nitrate Complex Explosives Containing Multi-Metallic Ions", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 335-336, pp. 249-254, 2011

Online since:

September 2011

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Price:

$35.00

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