Before the construction of hydraulic structure, aggregate must be cooled or heated by air (we call it aggregate air cooling or heating in this paper) or other technologies to the required temperature. Previous model of aggregate air cooling or heating cannot provide the center temperature of each aggregate. So a more accurate mathematical model is developed to determine the thermal performance of aggregate, and the surface heat transfer coefficient of wet aggregate is revised. This model can predict the center temperature of an aggregate and can accurately calculate the cold down time or temperature distribution of aggregate, so that the refrigeration or heating capacity can be reasonably supplied. It’s significant for foundation engineering of hydraulic structure.