Surface Settlement and Influence on Xi’an City Wall due to Xi’an Subway Line 2 Tunnel Construction
This paper refers the case project of the Xi'an Subway Line 2 tunneling through the South Gate area of the Xi'an City Wall, has researched the surface settlement due to tunnel construction, and simulated the whole shield tunnel by using Flac3D numerical analysis. This paper has obtained the law of surface settlement and the influence on the City Wall in the tunnel construction by analyzing the calculation results, and simulated the effects of three protective measures which will be used in the South Gate area. The results showed that the surface settlement ratio after the piles and chemical grouting reinforcement was lower by about 25% than no reinforcement. The monitoring data showed that the result of model calculation was reasonable, and the protective measures in Condition 3 are feasible and effective.
Hui Li, Yan Feng Liu, Ming Guo, Rui Zhang and Jing Du
J. L. Li et al., "Surface Settlement and Influence on Xi’an City Wall due to Xi’an Subway Line 2 Tunnel Construction", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 374-377, pp. 2326-2332, 2012