Research on Several Fracture Forms and Controlling Parameters of Ductile Materials
The experimental procedures of mixed mode fracture of several ductile materials are investigated. The position and direction of crack initiation are determined according to a new method. The variations of fracture caused by different physical mechanisms are analyzed. Through studying the changing regularity of different fracture mechanisms, it is believed that the main ways of the fracture in ductile materials can be divided into three groups. They are traction fracture and two different types of shear fracture. Void nucleation, expansion and coalescing are the dominant mechanism of traction fracture. The formation and development of localized shear bands are the dominant mechanism of the two different types of shear fracture. Localized large plastic deformation will cause damage within the material. The fundamental factor, which causes the occurrence of fracture in the material, is a certain stress parameter at the dangerous point has reached the critical fracture value of the material. Based on those phenomena listed above, several fracture controlling parameters for different fracture forms have been discussed, and several new parameters, which affect various fracture forms, have been proposed.
Hui Li, Yan Feng Liu, Ming Guo, Rui Zhang and Jing Du
Z. H. Li et al., "Research on Several Fracture Forms and Controlling Parameters of Ductile Materials", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 374-377, pp. 770-774, 2012