Processing Method for the Node of Wind Farm in Power Flow Calculation
At present, there are two kinds of common generators in wind farms, which are induction generators (IG) and doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG). Based on the steady state mathematical models of these two kinds of generators, the processing methods of wind farms in power flow calculation are given. The core idea is to express active power of the generator by a function of wind speed and to express the reactive power by a function of active power, slip and terminal voltage, and then the Jacobian matrix will be corrected according to the relation between terminal voltage and reactive power in the wind farm node. Finally, the IEEE 14-bus test system including wind farm is applied for power flow calculation and analysis. The numerical results show that the mentioned methods are feasible and can satisfy the requirements of the engineering application, which can pave a foundation for further research.
J. P. Zhang et al., "Processing Method for the Node of Wind Farm in Power Flow Calculation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 383-390, pp. 3598-3604, 2012