Effect of microcapsules on cement composites has been studied. The hydration of cement composite using microcapsules is studied by XRD and thermal techniques, showing that the addition of microcapsules has little affect on the hydration of cement. The pore size distribution and surface area of the cement composite with microcapsule are analyzed, showing a reduction in the pore content of cement composite and makes the pores smaller, which would improve durability and impermeability for designed materials. Damaging on cement and composites containing microcapsules and self-healing of these damagings can be reflected by the changes in their bending strength. When the cracks were generated in the composite, the microcapsules can release adhesive to fill in the space between the crackings, preventing cracking further growth.