Application of Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Controllable Loads to Frequency Regulation
High renewable energy penetration in power systems may bring a series of problems such as frequency fluctuations. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and controllable loads have been shifting into focus for this. A dynamic vehicle-to-grid (V2G) model with feedback control is proposed by considering the battery charging/discharging characteristics and the dynamic model of frequency regulation with PEVs and controllable loads for a single area is established. Simulation results demonstrate that the application of PEVs and controllable loads can relief the frequency refutation due to the randomness of renewable energy sources.
S. L. Deng et al., "Application of Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Controllable Loads to Frequency Regulation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 588-589, pp. 1640-1643, 2012