Experimental Study on the Heat Transfer in the Al Powder
Nanometer-sized particles possess characteristic physical and chemical properties different from those of bulk materials due to an increase in surface-to-volume ratios as well as of confinement of electrons, excitons, and photons into small volumes. Therefore it is worthwhile to discuss the thermal behaviours of powders constituted by nanometer-sized particles. The heat transfer in the powder composed of nanoparticles is experimentally investigated in this paper. The understanding for thermal properties of the powder is advantageous to the advancement of the processing technologies such as laser cladding, laser sintering, powder metallurgy and its other applications. The powder is wrapped up in the slender tube made of insulating material. One end of the slender tube filled with powder is maintained at temperature 0°C and the other end is kept at room temperature. The temperature histories at two different locations in the slender tube are recorded using thermal couples. The results show that the thermal diffusivity in the powder composed of nanoparticles is larger than that in bulk material. The pressure on the Al powders enhances the rate of heat transport due to the increase of contact area for thermal conduction.
M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher
C. Y. Ho et al., "Experimental Study on the Heat Transfer in the Al Powder", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 953-958, 2010