Dispersion polymerization of acrylamide and acrylic acid was successfully carried out in aqueous salt solutions using anionic polyelectrolytes as stabilizers. The influences of aqueous solution of salt concentration, molecular weight and concentration of the stabilizers on the apparent viscosity and stability of the dispersions, and on the molecular weight of the polymers prepared were investigated. The results showed that stable dispersions could be obtained on condition that salt concentration was between 26%~30%, concentration of stabilizers between 8%~12%, and intrinsic viscosity of stabilizers between 2.977~3.740 dL/g. With salt concentration ranging from 26% to 30%, molecular weight of products increased first and then decreased. Molecular weight of products was hardly changed when concentration of stabilizer was between 8%~12%. When intrinsic viscosity of stabilizer was between 2.977~3.740 dL/g, increase of the molecular weight of stabilizer resulted in a decrease in the molecular weight of the products.