In Situ Silica Filled Styrene Grafted Natural Rubber by the Sol-Gel Process
In situ silica filling of styrene grafted natural rubber (ST-g-NR) was carried out by using sol-gel reaction of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). The effects of concentration of catalyst and reaction temperature on the in situ silica content were investigated. ST-g-NR was synthesized via an emulsion polymerization using cumene hydroperoxide (CHPO) and tetraethylene pentamine (TEPA) as initiators. The synthesized ST-g-NR was characterized by a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H NMR). The content of in situ silica generated in ST-g-NR matrix was determined by Thermogravimetry Analysis (TGA). In situ silica up to 50 parts per hundred rubbers by weight (phr) was successfully filled in the ST-g-NR matrix. The silica content increased with the increase of n-hexylamine concentration. However, the effect of reaction temperature was insignificant to silica content.
S. Suttiruengwong and W. Sricharussin
T. Sittiphan et al., "In Situ Silica Filled Styrene Grafted Natural Rubber by the Sol-Gel Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 93-94, pp. 525-528, 2010