Experiment and Theory of Cutting Forces for Cemented Carbides Based Self-Lubricated Tool Embedded with Solid Lubricants
Four micro-holes were fabricated on the tool-chip contact area of the cemented carbide (WC+14%TiC+6%Co) tool face. MoS2 solid lubricants were embedded into the micro-holes to form self-lubricated tool (SLT-1). Dry machining tests on hardened steel were carried out with the SLT-1 self-lubricated tool, the SLT-2 tool with four micro-holes on the rake face embedded without solid lubricants and the SLT-3 conventional tool. The variation of cutting forces with cutting speed were tested by the Kistler force tester. The result shows that the three cutting force components of SLT-1 self-lubricated tool decreased obviously. They went down by 25-35% in comparison with those of the SLT-3 tool. And the three force components of SLT-2 tool decreased about 10-14% compared with those of the SLT-3 tool. Through the analysis of cutting force distribution theory and test results, the mechanism of cutting forces decrease was considered to be forming a self-lubricating film on the rake face which decreases the shear stress and the reduction of contact length between the chip and the tool.
Zhengyi Jiang and Chunliang Zhang
W. L. Song et al., "Experiment and Theory of Cutting Forces for Cemented Carbides Based Self-Lubricated Tool Embedded with Solid Lubricants", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 97-101, pp. 1975-1980, 2010