Effect of Electrical Current on Wear Rate of Nano-Al2O3p/Cu Composite
The nano-Al2O3p/Cu composite performed in this paper was prepared by internal oxidation. The nano-Al2O3p/Cu composite wire and the Cu-Ag alloy wire were slid against a copper-based powder metallurgy strip under unlubricated conditions. The wear behavior of nano-Al2O3p/Cu composite and Cu-Ag alloy were researched under different currents from 0~50A and sliding distance from 0~72Km. Worn surfaces of the nano-Al2O3p/Cu composite were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). The results indicate that the nano-Al2O3p/Cu composite surface is dispersed with Al2O3 particles having a size of 10~20nm; the wear rate of both 0.60Al2O3p/Cu (containing 0.60wt.% Al2O3) composite and Cu-Ag alloy increases with the increasing electrical current and sliding distance, which increases abruptly at the beginning and smoothly subsequently; The wear rate of Cu-Ag alloy is 2-5 times that of 0.60Al2O3p/Cu composite without electrical current; The wear rate of Cu-Ag alloy is 5-10 times that of 0.60Al2O3p/Cu composite with electrical current of 30A-50A; The sensitivity of electrical current on the Cu-Ag alloy is more apparently than that on 0.60Al2O3p/Cu composite. Adhesive, abrasive, and electrical erosion wear are the dominant mechanisms during the electrical sliding processes.
Zhengyi Jiang and Chunliang Zhang
X. H. Guo et al., "Effect of Electrical Current on Wear Rate of Nano-Al2O3p/Cu Composite", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 97-101, pp. 717-723, 2010