Sintering Behaviour of Ceramics Containing Paper Sludge, Glass Cullet and Different Types of Clayey Materials
The sintering behaviour of several ceramics prepared using a previously selected mixture of incinerated paper mill sludge and glass cullet which was blended with 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt% of some natural clayey materials has been studied. Three natural commercial product were used: a red clay, a yellow clay and a kaolin. Mixtures were blended by wet attrition milling, dried, sieved, pressed into specimens and then fired for 1 h at temperatures ranging from 1040 to 1140 °C. The resulting materials were characterized by water absorption, shrinkage and crystallographic composition. It was observed that materials containing kaolin display the best overall behaviour independently of the quantity of kaolin introduced. Conversely the optimal sintering temperature, and consequently the best properties of materials prepared using red or yellow clay was found above 1080 °C and depends of their specific composition being affected by the amount of clay added.
Pietro VINCENZINI and Michele DONDI
E. Furlani et al., "Sintering Behaviour of Ceramics Containing Paper Sludge, Glass Cullet and Different Types of Clayey Materials", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 68, pp. 120-125, 2010