In foundry technology the modeling of heat transfer in materials containing exothermic components must take into consideration the presence of heat sources in the Fourier–Kirchhoff equation. The aim of this investigation was the identification of real and effective thermophysical parameters of the insulating and insulating –exothermic materials used as riser sleeves containing these exothermic heat sources. The experiments of liquid steel or cast iron pouring into the mould, containing different insulating and exothermic sleeves were carried out, using thermocouples meas-urement systems (thermal analysis of casting–mould system). Then the thermo-physical coefficients of these materials were calculated using inverse problem solution. The numerical system Calcosoft and its Inverse Solution procedure were applied.