Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Nanosized Cobalt Substituted Nickel Ferrites (Ni1-xCoxFe2O4) Using Egg White (Ovalbumin) by Thermal Evaporation
An attempt has been made to synthesize Ni1-xCoxFe2O4 by a simple technique of thermal evaporation with the help of egg white. The use of egg white (ovalbumin) in the synthesis process mainly helps to shape the particle during the reaction. The X-ray diffraction patterns reveal that the synthesized Ni1-XCoxFe2O4 ferrites are in nanocrystalline phase. The transmission electron microscopy observation confirmed that the average particle size of Ni1-xCoxFe2O4 has been varied from 7 nm to 30 nm. EDX spectrum gives account of the percentage composition of the products such as nickel, cobalt, Fe and O. Vibrating Samples Magnetometer (VSM) have been sued to study the saturation magnetization for variation of Ni substitution over CoFe2O4 and the influence of particle size in magnetic properties. Its analysis is based on the aspect of variation in coercivity with temperature. The FTIR spectra of the sample in the range 400 – 4000 cm-1 reveals the common feature of ferrites like high frequency band to the tetrahedral and low frequency band to the octahedral stretching vibrations.
S. Marutha Senthil et al., "Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Nanosized Cobalt Substituted Nickel Ferrites (Ni1-xCoxFe2O4) Using Egg White (Ovalbumin) by Thermal Evaporation", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 4, pp. 107-116, 2008