Superplastic Forming of Silicon Nitride at Low Temperature
Si3N4 ceramic bodies were prepared by liquid phase sintering (LPS) with the amorphous nano-sized Si3N4 powders. Nano-sized Al2O3 and Y2O3 powders were introduced as additives. XRD analysis showed that the sintered body consists of β-Si3N4 and Si2N2O which confirms that phase change temperature of β-Si3N4 is lower than traditional Si3N4. SEM examination showed that the grain size of sintered body is smaller than 300 nm. Superplastic forming can be undertaken at the low temperature of 1550°C in a nitrogen atmosphere when the forming velocity is less than 0.5 mm/min. The formed parts rupture when the forming velocity is 1 mm/min or the forming temperature is 1500°C. Only a few defects are observed in the blank before forming, but many cavity groups are present in the formed workpiece.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
J. T. Luo et al., "Superplastic Forming of Silicon Nitride at Low Temperature", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 1249-1252, 2005