Preparation and Structure of Ba2Ti9O20 and BaTi4O9 Ceramics Derived from Sol-Gel Powders
Ba2Ti9O20 (B2T9) and BaTi4O9 (BT4) ceramics have been fabricated using sol-gel technique. The sol-gel derived powder was produced from barium acetate and butyl titanate using acetic acid as solvent. The as-prepared powders were then calcined at different temperatures ranging from 600° to 1200°C. After that, the powder was pressed into pellets and further sintered at different temperatures ranging from 1250°C to 1380°C. XRD characterization and Raman spectroscopy showed that after calcining the sol-gel powder at 900°C for 2 h and sintering the pressed pellets at 1330°C for 4 h, triclinic B2T9 and orthorhombic BT4 ceramics could be obtained. The dielectric constant and Q-value are 35 and 1910 at 6.1 GHz.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
S. G. Lu et al., "Preparation and Structure of Ba2Ti9O20 and BaTi4O9 Ceramics Derived from Sol-Gel Powders", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 47-52, 2005