Wear Behaviors of UHMWPE against LTD-Free Zirconia/Alumina Composites

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The sliding wear behavior of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) was examined on four different compositions of novel low temperature degradation-free zirconia/alumina (Z/A) composite material used for a femoral head in total hip joint replacement. The wear of UHMWPE pins against these Z/A composite disks were evaluated by performing the linear reciprocal sliding and repeat pass rotational sliding tests for one million cycles in a bovine serum. The novel low temperature degradation (LTD)-free tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (TZP)/alumina composite (90(5.3Y, 4.6Nb)-TZP/10Al2O3) induced the less wear amount of UHMWPE than the other Z/A composites. Linear reciprocal motion wore more the UHMWPE pin than did repeat pass rotational motion for all disk materials. It was observed that few transfer film on the sliding track of Z/A composite disks and the matching contact surfaces of pins had relatively less scratch. Getting rid of transfer film, there is no change of surface roughness on the sliding track of Z/A composite disks. This novel Z/A composite (90(5.3Y, 4.6Nb)-TZP/10 Al2O3) demonstrates the potential as an alternative material for the femoral head in total hip replacement.

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Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 284-286)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.

Pages:

1011-1014

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.284-286.1011

Citation:

M. H. Lee et al., "Wear Behaviors of UHMWPE against LTD-Free Zirconia/Alumina Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 1011-1014, 2005

Online since:

April 2005

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Price:

$35.00

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