Preparation of Hollow Polystyrene Nanocapsules via a Miniemulsion Polymerization Process
Hollow polystyrene nanocapsules with sizes of ~100 nm have been prepared via a miniemulsion polymerization process by applying the encapsulation of a nonsolvent (i.e., isooctane). Divinylbenzene has been added to styrene as a cross-linking comonomer in order to improve a structural stability of the hollow polymer capsules. Morphology variation of nanocapsules with concentrations of divinylbenzene and also isooctane has been studied using transmission electron microscopy analysis. Kinetic study on the miniemulsion polymerization of styrene in the presence of divinylbenzene and isooctane has been carried out using fractional conversion data determined by the gravimetric analysis.
Ichsan Setya Putra and Djoko Suharto
Y. S. Kim et al., "Preparation of Hollow Polystyrene Nanocapsules via a Miniemulsion Polymerization Process ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 306-308, pp. 1091-1096, 2006