Surface microcosmic topography finished by abrasive jet with grinding wheel as restraint was analyzed and evaluated. Generating mechanism of surface morphology finished by abrasive jet with grinding wheel as restraint was investigated and surface topographical characteristics were also evaluated with cross correlation of random process. Experiments were performed with plane grinder M7120 and workpiece material 45# steel which was ground with the surface roughness values of Ra=0.20.6m. The machined surface morphology was studied using SEM and microscope and the microcosmic geometry parameters were measured with TALYSURF5 instrument. The experimental results shown that the machined surface change from continuous and parallel micro-groove and plough to randomly discontinuous micro-pit can be observed with machining circles increasing and surface roughness was obviously improved. Furthermore, The finished surface has little comparability compared to grinding machining surface.The isotropy surface and uniformity veins both parallel and perpendicular machining direction were attained by abrasive jet precision finishing with grinding wheel as restraint.