Graft Polymerization of p-Vinylphenylsulfonylhydrazide onto Nano-Silica and its Effect on Dispersion of the Nanoparticles in Polymer Matrix
To promote dispersion of nano-silica in polypropylene (PP), a polymerizable foaming agent p-vinylphenylsulfonylhydrazide was synthesized and grafted onto the nanoparticles via free-radical polymerization. The results of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the sulfonyl hydrazide groups of poly(p-vinylphenylsulfonylhydrazide) acquired the desired thermal decomposition ability, which might be related to their internal oxidation-reduction. Electron microscopy observation indicated that the grafted nanoparticles exhibit greatly improved dispersion in PP owing to the fact that the sulfonyl hydrazine groups on the grafted polymer inside the agglomerates decomposed like blowing agent to form polymer bubbles, leading to rapid inflation of the surrounding matrix that pulled apart the agglomerated nanoparticles during melting mixing.
J.K. Kim, D.Z. Wo, L.M. Zhou, H.T. Huang, K.T. Lau and M. Wang
L. F. Cai et al., "Graft Polymerization of p-Vinylphenylsulfonylhydrazide onto Nano-Silica and its Effect on Dispersion of the Nanoparticles in Polymer Matrix", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 334-335, pp. 729-732, 2007